The conventional wisdom used to be that external frames are for trail hiking and internal frames are for off trail hiking.Most of our hiking is on trails, but the majority of Scouts and adult leaders prefer the internal frame and these have become the most commonly available packs.Scoop and toilet paper: A light weight plastic shovel for digging “cat holes” is required in wilderness areas.Store sufficient unscented toilet paper in a zip lock bag along with a small (2 ounce) bottle of hand sanitizer (“Purell”) for hand washing.Sleeping Pad & Pillow: A closed-cell type foam pad (e.g., insolite or the accordion style by Z-Rest work well) is good to keep out the cold and to preserve the sleeping bag.
Water Bottles: Two wide mouth plastic water bottles (32 ounce size) that fit inside the larger side pocket of most packs are great but their are lighter options.
(Some ultra light people do not bring any clothes except what they wear.) Each Buddy Team: Two-man tent (count the stakes) and ground cloth (optional) Group Equipment – Distributed among hikers Water filters – Water jugs/bottles/bags Stove and fuel bottles Large and/or medium cooking pots Cook Kit: spatula, serving spoon and/or utensils, measuring cup, camp suds and sponge, bleach, scrubber, Purell Stuff sacks for food Bear bags and rope (50 ft ¼” braided nylon rope, 50 ft 1/8” parachute cord, 2 ft 1/8” nylon cord) or Bear Canisters in some areas Repair Kit (sewing kit, small piece of cloth, safety pins, wire, pliers or Leatherman, superglue, tube, O rings for filter, rope, and more) Troop First Aid Kit (check it every hike) Permits, Maps, Medical Forms Pack List Weights in pounds No one should be carrying the “High Weight”.
It is listed so you can see how much you can save if you are careful.
Some backpacks are waterproof, but like a tent, the seams need to be sealed.
Check your cover, or backpack, for “waterproofness” prior to the trek.
Personal First Aid Kit: The Troop gear includes a fully stocked first aid kit, but you should also carry a personal first aid kit to handle minor problems.